What is Reflexology

Reflex is a Latin for an “involuntary action”. Reflexotherapy is a part of medical reflexology. The notion “medicine” contains elements of diagnosis and therapy. Reflexotherapy is the method where treatment /cure/healing are based on nerve reflexes and their effects.
Nerve reflex is the involuntary action of motor neurons under a stimulus from the sensory nerve and it emerges in effect of irritating nerve receptor located in skin and mucous membranes - dermatom, muscles - miotom, skeleton -sklerotom and directly nerves – neurotom.
This knowledge is very useful, because it allows us to steer such spontaneous features of organisms, as self-regulation, self-restoration to health, regeneration.
Each living organism owns these features, saying that there is „ till life, there is genuine hope.” This is a rational “saying”. Ability to utilize reflexology to steer the effects of reflexes gives unlimited ability to steer the functions of organisms. And this is the dream of ambitious physicians to have direct personnel influence on function of the patient’s organism in a planned manner without any harmful side- effects, observed very often during pharmacotherapy..
Reflex therapy allows to approach the central nervous system indicating the sick organs which need cure or regulation of their functions, leaving at the hand of nature the recognition how deep and intensive should be the initiated curing process..
In order to get the therapeutic effect of reflex, contrary to present medical practice there is no need to carry detailed clinical or laboratory reconnaissance, to which physicians applying pharmacotherapy attach extra importance
Applying reflexotherapy in human or animal, we have an impact on :
- regulation of vegetative process through inhibiting and prompting the function;
- inflammations , through vasomotor reactions initiated by reflexes;
- infection, through improvement of operational functions of nonspecific immune mechanism;
- pain, through increase of mainly endorphin concentrations;
- sleep disturbances dream and excessive psychomotor stimulation or depression, through boost of endorphin concentrations;
- scoliosis and spastic disturbances through the influence on regulation of skeletal , muscle tensions.
Answering the question like : what are the real mechanisms of healing process in reflexotherapy we can mention only a hypothesis now, and this hypothesis needs researches to describe the actual natural causes of healing.

The first step in diagnosis and therapeutic procedure of Clavitherapy is "preliminary abreaction" on the skin of head being the primary stage of diagnosis and/or the therapy. The next step is stratified order of restoring of efficiency using whole surface of body. The therapy is carried on by clavics ( Lat. clavus - nail) on surface of skin, above anatomy of nervous system as well as on zones and biological active points including also acupuncture points. Clavitherapy generates by the stimulation of neuro-physiological- dermo-visceral reflex on a group of receptors: dermatom, further across neurochemical mediators/transmitters generates bio-cybernetic control/steering of neurotom, myotom and sclerotom. Through the mediation of nervous system it is possible to steer repairing organism on sub-cellular endogenic level. Described process of bio-cybernetic steering through nervous system permits precisely this complementally regulation of : cytokins, complements, interferon, endorphins and other endogen factors to which other known therapeutic methods still do not have repairing access.

Clavitherapy is distinguished from other methods of reflexology by:
- It deals with the whole body not only with biologically active points.
-introduces the procedure of initial abreaction on the head as a prelude of diagnosis or therapy.
-adds pathologically changed zones on the skin (dandruff, algo-dystrophic zones, morphologically changed zones non-staining after stimulations, stained zones distinguished from the surroundings but unchanged morphologically, and other changes on skin described in detail in other chapters useful in therapy.
-creates and uses the unique system of bio-cybernetic dependence between the quality of procedure and feelings of the patients evoked by the procedure. This system allows, to continue the therapy always optimum for the present requirement of the patient.
-introduces due to the bio-cybernetic dependence, stratified order of restoring of efficiency using whole surface of body
Klawiki Clavus is a Latin word for a nail. It is a very simple instrument made of the surgical steel acid and fire proof and of 120 mm length and diameter 4 mm . The one end is conically shaped sharp enough and the other one is blunt, two-sided phased. The blunt end resembles a screw-driver. It makes an impression outwardly, as if lateral edges were produce easily, „ blasted ". This instrument in the middle part, in one third length, is narrowest by a half and here total diameter is 2 mm ( look at the photo in the atlas ). Besides, this part is strewed with sand, so the narrowest part is rough. Conical end, sharply ended serves for stimulating receptors from the group of dermatom, points and effective zones biologically active . It is possible to use in the nonprofessional purpose kebabs know wooden sticks with one sharp end. During stimulation – on the skin surface – the power of push, e.g. on head, is moderate - easy. It is obliged not to break continuity of epidermis. Obviously, in places of vast tissue e.g. buttock- somewhat it is necessary to press more strongly. However, where the tissue is thin e.g. over bones or over visible blood vessels, it is necessary to press easily and cautiously.
On the top of the head clavics applied vertically to act on the skin by their own weight, enduring nerve tensions( cortical and central) in brain central, restoring patency of energy channels (acupuncture meridians) . It is necessary to adjust power of push, when we use a single clavic, two , three and more ( e.g. seven ). A single clavic should be applied single delicately – cautiously , but it is possible to stimulate seven soundly. It is always necessary to remember about the power of push, because ends are sharp enough and continuity of epidermus is easy to break particularly there, where zones are ischemic and stand from a long time. It is necessary to lay clavics in clusters e.g. 7 clavics.
Clavics laid in cluster (6-7 in number) first of all, are applied in detailed abreaction of the surface of skin. This type of stimulation is also applied on zones also biologically active. Zones discovered by F. Barbasiewicz like: ischemic zone, dansruff skin zone without inflammation, scars, folds, wrinkles, naevus, papilloma, russet and white spots, points and other zone it described in other places of this book.
Different amounts of clavics (1-7) are used in abreaction depending on requirements -. It is wise to use more clavics in the first day of procedures, especially in individual patient’s case with higher susceptibility to pain. In patients with low tolerance of pain initial stimulations should be performed with limited power of push. When oversensitivity on pain and burning sensations pass after first several days, we can stimulate in a faster rate, with a biggest sound pression. It is necessary to control equality of sharp ends of clavics in cluster, otherwise the procedure will intensity the feeling of pain. Carelessly used clavics may disrupt the continuity of epidermus.
The speed of stimulation is an important factor of clavitherapy, the therapist is obliged to adjust it individually. It is obligatory to proceed particularly in first days very cautiously, adapting the speed and power of push to physiological, physiological and nerve tolerance of pain , as at some persons influenced by reflex experiences of pains and burning sensation can cause feebleness even syncope. Under this situation the therapy procedure should be executed in a lying position and the control of physiological , nerve and psychic form of the patient in order to avoid excessive tiredness of the patient. Sometimes it is necessary to use breaks for some rest, and in longer procedures after every 3-4 hours, patient should take food. Biologically active points are stimulated by one, two or three clavics also for regulation and excitation of the lost nerve potential, where they are receded or in zone of important plexus of nerve fibers where lack the of conduction of nerve signal is diagnosed.
The other end of the clavic - blunt is applied when central abreaction was not achieved by sharp end and when we deal with a sickness acute or chronic resistant to drugs.. On the surface of skin of a head there is executed an easy cerebration in a concrete topographic zone or brain centers particularly relentless , for abolishing cortical and central tensions in brain. The technique of cerebration is as following: 3 clavics are applied perpendicularly on the head’s skin surface, held, between the thumb and indicative and middle fingers. Then the procedure is executed by three rotations left and right within a second. Cerebration is performed by an easy movement in one place for several seconds. Procedures are executed after earliest abreaction of whole nervous system i.e. brain cortex, brain centers, peripheral nerves, efferent and afferent nerve of morphological and anatomical zones of sickness. And after regulation of personal nerve potentials – and after excitation of conduction of nerve signal. The cerebration process has to be applied every day, in order to cure acute and chronic sickness also in zone of secondary change and other pathology, but not longer than for 10-14 days two times with a gap of 7 days.
The second blunt end of the clavic is also used in clavipressure. It is possible to add vaseline or cream to the blunt end of the clavic and press in zones shown in this book with moderate push using small round movement till the appearance of border of moderate pain, prompt biologically active points, shown in this book as algorithms of individual sicknesses for cessation of the pain and the health improvement.
Usually clavipressure is applied for children upto 7 years old. This form of cure is less painful, but it requires at least twice that longer time for the treatment and improvement.

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Critical approach to some methods of reflexotherapy